As the name implies, this type of life assurance pays out when you die, whenever that may be. It is usually, but not always, a more expensive option than term assurance simply because the life assurance company knows that it will definitely pay out at some point.
Many of these plans offer some form of investment content and so can be more flexible than term assurance and can acquire cash in values.
This type of plan is designed for those who want to leave a lump sum in the event of their death, whenever it may occur.
It can be used to pay off debts that will not be repaid during your lifetime.
For those who want to leave a lump sum to pay a potential inheritance tax liability.